Found atop heavenly mountains and in weather well below freezing, Rhodiola rosea reigns king as one of the toughest plants Mother Nature has created. Known more commonly as roseroot, golden root, or arctic root, this plant is able to flourish in some of the toughest environments found on Earth. The plant favors to grow in a high altitude, low temperature environment, such as the frozen peaks of the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine or the arctic cold of the north pole. High altitude environments are notorious for low oxygen and low carbon dioxide levels, the very nourishment of plants. High altitudes also means high exposure to ionizing radiation from the sun, which can critically damage the genetic code of any organism. Furthermore, freezing temperatures often damage the metabolic activity of most life. How then, does Rhodiola rosea manage to thrive in these harsh environments? The answer is simple, yet enormously complex.

Not all plants are created equal.